[developers] Tests for scopal v. non-scopal arguments

Ann Copestake aac10 at cl.cam.ac.uk
Mon Oct 17 22:26:26 CEST 2016

the classic paper is Thomason and Stalnaker 1973


This gives various tests.  It seems that they classify `usually' with 
`probably' but that they don't discuss it specifically.

I don't know whether there's an updated version with neo-Davidsonian 
events.  Landman, perhaps?  Kamp and Reyle?
I can look on Wednesday.

All best,


On 17/10/2016 20:43, Emily M. Bender wrote:
> Dear all,
> Following a conversation with Dan and Stephan, I'm trying to find tests
> to distinguish scopal v. non-scopal adverbs.  We thought that "probably"
> and "quickly" constitute clear cases of each type ("Every student probably
> left" / "Every student quickly left") but we weren't sure how to classify
> "already" and "usually", and didn't know what tests to apply.
> I've tried poking around in Google scholar, but am finding myself stymied
> by the fact that people tend to use the word "scope" to describe simple
> functor-argument relations (especially when it comes to adverbs, it 
> seems),
> and so I thought I'd try asking on-list.   Does anyone know of relevant
> work on this question?
> Thanks,
> Emily
> -- 
> Emily M. Bender
> Professor, Department of Linguistics
> Check out CLMS on facebook! http://www.facebook.com/uwclma

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